sipvicious sip utils ping

Summary

Ping the target using SIP

What it does

Ping the target using a SIP method of your choice. This tool is useful when testing if a target system responds to SIP messages and to monitor that target system. This tool is vaguely inspired from the ping utility and will help understand if a system is responding, if errors occur or if responses are delayed.

Tool functionality

This tool repeatedly generates and sends a SIP message and prints out basic information about the responses. The output of the tool consists of the first line in the response, the sequence number, and the response time. When the tool is stopped or comes to an end, it prints out some statistics. The following is an example of the logging from the tool:

PING target (1.2.3.4) with OPTIONS.
200 OK               from target: seq=1 time=28.6 ms
200 OK               from target: seq=2 time=38.1 ms
200 OK               from target: seq=3 time=39.3 ms
500 Internal serv... from target: seq=4 time=300.6 ms
Warning: 392 1.2.3.4:5060 "Noisy feedback tells: pid=6112 req_src_ip=2.3.4.5 req_src_port=5082 in_uri=sip:a.b.c ut_uri=sip:a.b.c
via_cnt==1" 
200 OK               from target: seq=5 time=23.5 ms
200 OK               from target: seq=7 time=245.1 ms
200 OK               from target: seq=8 time=21.3 ms
200 OK               from target: seq=9 time=30.6 ms
^C
--- target ping statistics ---
6 SIP messages transmitted, 6 received, 1 error, 11% packet loss, time 4s
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 21.3/200.00/300.6/280.772 ms

Command format

sipvicious sip utils ping <target1 [target2 [target3 ...]]> [flags]

Flags

  -u, --credentials string   set the username and password in the following format: username:password (e.g. 1000:test123)
  -D, --domain string        override domain name for the SIP address
      --duration duration    set how long to keep pinging
  -e, --extension string     specify a target extension or SIP URI in the To address; if not specified, a random numeric extension is used when required
  -f, --from string          specify a from extension or SIP URI in the From address; if not specified, a random numeric extension is used
  -i, --interval duration    interval between each ping (default 1s)
      --max-requests int     set the maximum number of requests to send
  -m, --method string        set the SIP message method to use (REGISTER|SUBSCRIBE|NOTIFY|PUBLISH|MESSAGE|OPTIONS) (default "OPTIONS")
      --register             maintain a registration; requires -u
      --show strings         specify which response headers to monitor (default [warning])
  -W, --timeout duration     Time to wait for a response (default 2s)

Flags inherited from parent commands

      --ca-cert string       TLS CA Certificate
      --client-cert string   TLS client certificate
      --client-key string    TLS client private key
  -C, --config string        configuration file to use (may be JSON, TOML or YAML)
      --debug                set log level to debug
      --logfile string       specify a log filename
      --srtp string          specify if either none, dtls or sdes to enforce SRTP for calls; format: method or method:parameters; see full documentation for details (default "none")
      --templates string     Directory to search for template overrides (default ".")
      --tls-key-log string   TLS key log, - for stdout

Examples

sipvicious sip utils ping udp://target:5060 --max-requests 3 --method REGISTER
sipvicious sip utils ping tcp://target:5060 --register -u user:pass -i 100ms
sipvicious sip utils ping tls://target:5060 -m OPTIONS -e 1234

Advanced examples

# pinging with 20 maximum requests, 7 secs timeout and monitoring Server header
sipvicious sip utils ping udp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 --max-requests 20 --timeout 7s --show server

# specify a from address with an interval of 3 secs
sipvicious sip utils ping udp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 -f 0000@siteonsip.tld -i 3s

# registering with target and maintaining one during the pinging process
sipvicious sip utils ping udp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 -u 1000:1500 --register -D siteonsip.tld

# pinging extension 2000 with invite and duration 10s
sipvicious sip utils ping udp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 -e 2000 --duration 10s -m invite

# pinging multiple targets with the ping utility with the publish method
sipvicious sip utils ping udp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 tcp://demo.sipvicious.pro:5060 tls://demo.sipvicious.pro -m publish

Exit codes

Since this tool has no security context, it will never return exit code 3, i.e. security issue. The tool will return exit code 4, i.e. network connectivity issue, when the response rate is not 100%.

Flag: ca-cert

The CA cert can be passed when making use of client certificate authentication. The file should be formatted as PEM.

Flag: client-cert

The client certificate must be passed when making use of client certificate authentication. The file should be formatted as PEM.

Flag: client-key

The client key must be passed when making use of client certificate authentication. The file should be formatted as PEM.

Flag: config

Specify a configuration file which may be a JSON, TOML and YAML config format. To get the default settings and figure out which settings are available, one may run the sipvicious utils dump config command. This is typically used to create a template configuration that can then be edited as need be.

These settings may be overwritten when the corresponding flag is explicitly set, if one is present.

Flag: credentials

Specify valid credentials so that the request can authenticated. The following format is used username:password (e.g. 1000:test123).

Flag: debug

Tells the logger to print out debug messages.

Flag: domain

A domain name can be specified so that the SIP URI contains that particular domain rather than the one specified as the target. This is useful for targets that expect a particular domain name.

Flag: duration

Specify the duration of the ping test, for example 30s, 10m or 24h.

Flag: extension

This flag allows users to set a particular extension in the SIP URI, overriding the default behaviour of targeting random extensions. The value can be either just the SIP extension/username (e.g. 1234) or a SIP URI (e.g. sip:user@example.org).

Note that in the case of OPTIONS messages, if the extension parameter is not specified, then to URI and top most address do not contain the user part of the SIP URI (e.g. sip:example.org). This has the effect of sending an OPTIONS to the SIP user-agent in the case of a SIP proxy, rather than to a particular user.

Flag: from

This flag allows users to set the From address, overriding the default behaviour of setting a random extension or the username in the credentials when one is provided. The value can be either just the SIP extension/username (e.g. 1234) or a SIP URI (e.g. sip:user@example.org).

Flag: interval

Set the interval between each SIP message, e.g. 30s or 200ms.

Flag: logfile

When the logfile flag is specified, a log file is created in the location specified and logs are generated in this file instead of being sent to standard output. If the filename ends with a .json file extension, then the output format is in JSON, otherwise it defaults to text format.

Flag: max-requests

Specify the maximum number of messages to send before stopping the test.

Flag: method

The SIP ping tool supports the following SIP methods:

  • REGISTER
  • SUBSCRIBE
  • NOTIFY
  • PUBLISH
  • MESSAGE
  • OPTIONS

Flag: register

Register requires credentials to be passed so that a REGISTER message is sent to authenticate with a registrar server before starting the test. The registration is maintained as per SIP standards, so that authentication does not time out.

Flag: show

Specify which response headers to display. This is useful when monitoring a particular header for changes, for example the Contact header in an OPTIONS response which can indicate if a SIP UA is registered or not. Multiple headers can be passed, e.g. --show=contact,server,user-agent. If the header does not exist in the response, it is simply not displayed.

The output of each specified header is displayed right after each ping update in the output.

Flag: srtp

The srtp flag when specified, allows users to set the SRTP mode. By default, outgoing calls do not make use of SRTP, while incoming calls automatically handle SRTP depending on the SDP body of the incoming INVITE message. When the srtp flag is set to none, incoming calls do not make use of SRTP, regardless of the SDP body in an incoming INVITE. The srtp mode can also be either dtls or sdes. In both dtls and sdes modes, the parameters are not required and will be generated randomly as need be.

Options for both dtls and sdes mode may be passed after a colon. For example:

  • TODO: --srtp dtls:cert.crt:cert.key[:ca.crt] where the first argument after the mode (dtls) is the public certificate cert.crt, then the private key cert.key and finally, the optional certificate authority file ca.crt
  • --srtp sdes:d0RmdmcmVCspeEc3QGZiNWpVLFJhQX1cfHAwJSoj where the argument is the base64 encoded cryptographic master key appended with the master salt.

Note that in the case of sdes key, the master key needs to be a valid length, which is 30 octets, for the default crypto-suite AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80.

Flag: templates

Allows one to set the template directory which is used to load (or save) the SIP templates.

To get the default SIP templates, make use of the sipvicious sip utils dump templates command.

Flag: timeout

Specify a timeout when the tool gives up waiting for a response and considers the response as not received. Increase this value when the target system is experiencing slow response times.

Flag: tls-key-log

The TLS key log creates a file with the TLS key that can then be used to decrypt the TLS stream in tools that support it, such as Wireshark.